Powering up your electric vehicle
Whether you've got a battery-powered electric car or plug-in hybrid, here's what you need to know about charging at home, work and everything in between.
On top of your home charging outlet, shopping centres, car parks, hotels and tourist hot spots across the country have already installed electric charging stations, helping the emerging number of electric vehicles on our roads fuel up.
Here’s what you need to know about charging at home, work and all the stops along the way.
How to charge at home or work
An electric vehicle (EV) can be charged using a standard electrical power point. The time it takes will depend on the make and model, but generally, you can expect it to be fully charged in 8–12 hours.
Most vehicles will also allow you to automatically set the times for charging, enabling you to take advantage of any applicable off-peak rates. Faster charging is also available at your home or office through specialised equipment.
Topping up on-the-go
If your day involves driving further than your EV’s range, stay calm knowing that there are now thousands of public charging stations located in Australian metropolitan and regional areas.
These stations are extremely convenient as you can use these to charge your vehicle while you’re at work, or top-up while you’re doing your grocery shopping. There’s no need to rely solely on your home charging system, helping to relieve any potential range anxiety.
You may have already seen public stations around where you live or work, but you can also view this Plugshare map to find a charging point close to you.
Choosing a smarter way to charge
Dedicated chargers (also known as level two chargers) allow for a much faster charging speed. They’re ideal for households that use the car frequently and at short notice because they’re able to fully charge an EV in as little as four hours.
Some newer vehicles even have bi-directional capability. This technology enables you to charge your compatible EV battery during cheaper off-peak times (if available), then use any leftover charge to power your home during more expensive, peak demand times.
So, what’s it cost to charge an EV?
The refuelling costs of an EV are significantly less than a traditional petrol car. In an electric car, with charging costs based on an assumed rate of $0.22 per kWh, 100km can cost between $3 to $5. While the same in a petrol car will cost around $15 or higher, depending on the price of fuel.
COST PER 100 KMS*
|Tesla Model S
|Tesla Model 3
(Standard Range Plus)
|Nissan Leaf 2019||$3.76||$8.80||40kWh||171Wh/km|
|BMW i3 BEV 120Ah||$2.94||$9.24||42kWh||134Wh/km|
|Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV ES||$3.01||$2.64||12kWh||137Wh/km|
*Charging costs based on an assumed rate of $0.22 per kWh.
^Information taken from manufacturer’s website or greenvehicleguide.gov.au and is true as of September 2019.
If we were to compare electric vehicles by model, cars with bigger batteries like the Tesla S Model at 100kWh, for example, would cost around $22 to fully charge. Whereas a 2019 Nissan Leaf with a 40kWh battery size would be fully charged after $8.80. So, like larger petrol-powered vehicles have higher fuel costs and tank capacity than smaller models, electric vehicle charging costs largely depends on the model and battery size.